Klim Glossary

To the German Glossary

A

Advantages of regenerative agriculture

Regenerative agriculture has many positive aspects. One of the main strengths is reduced tillage, which preserves the soil, and year-round ground cover, which protects its from erosion.

Learn more

Agroforestry systems

A modern type of land use, where perennial woody plants are combined with arable crops and even animal husbandry in one area.

Learn more

Article 6

This refers to Article 6 of the Paris Climate Agreement.

Learn more

B

Biocapacity

Biocapacity refers to the ability of ecosystems to produce biologically beneficial material and to absorb waste materials produced by humans.

Learn more

Biochar

Biochar is a material produced by thermotechnical decomposition.

Learn more

Biodiversity

Biodiversity corresponds to the biological diversity of different species, genes and ecosystems.

Learn more

Biomass

Biomass is the total amount of organic substances that can store CO2 and thus act as a carbon sink.

Learn more

C

CO2

CO2 is the chemical formula for the molecule carbon dioxide, which consists of one carbon and two oxygen atoms.

Learn more

CO2 Budget

The term CO2 budget or carbon budget refers to the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions that can be emitted in order to stay within a threshold of global warming (such as limiting the rise in global surface temperatures to 1.5°C as set out by the Paris Agreement).

Learn more

Carbon Disclosure Project

The Carbon Disclosure Project is an independent and non-commercial organization founded in 2020.

Learn more

Carbon credits

Carbon credits are permits, which allow the holder of the permit to emit one ton of carbon dioxide or one ton of carbon dioxide equivalent.

Learn more

Carbon cycle

There is a continuous, natural exchange of carbon between the atmosphere, water bodies, living organisms, rocks and soil. However, anthropogenic activities such burning fossil fuels, forest clearing, and intensive land cultivation negatively impact this cycle by releasing too much CO2 into the atmosphere.

Learn more

Carbon dioxide equivalent

Carbon dioxide equivalent is a measure used to compare the different greenhouse gas emissions based on their global warming potential (i.e., the amount of time of a greenhouse gas remains active in the atmosphere, calculated over a period of 100 years).

Learn more

Carbon footprint

The carbon footprint provides a measuring unit of the amount of CO2 emissions that a person, company or organization produces in a given period of time.

Learn more

Carbon market

The carbon market refers to the market on which carbon credits/carbon certificates can be purchased and sold, also called carbon trading.

Learn more

Carbon markets

Carbon markets are a market-based instrument for reducing CO2 emissions.

Learn more

Carbon offsetting

Carbon offsetting consists of any activity or processes that seek to compensate for the emissions of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases, by participating in programs that reduce emissions elsewhere (e.g., through regenerative agriculture).

Learn more

Carbon standards

A variety of carbon standards exist including the Gold Standard, Verra Standard & TÜV Standard, which set guidelines and principles for a variety of carbon offsetting projects and provide a transparent and credible certification for them. Find out more under carbon offsetting.

Learn more

Carbon storage

Carbon storage captures CO2 over the long term and thus reduces the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.

Learn more

Carbon tax

A carbon tax is a fee imposed on polluters such as companies and/or individuals that burn carbon-based fuels, with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Learn more

Carbon trading

Carbon trading is a market-based system and consists of buying and selling emission permits, with the permit holder being allowed to emit a certain amount of carbon dioxide.

Learn more

Catch crop

A catch crop is a fast-growing plant that is grown between two main crops.

Learn more

Climate change

Climate change refers to the long-term changes in temperature and weather patterns.

Learn more

Climate change mitigation

Climate change mitigation refers to the activities and processes to reduce emissions in order to address the issue of climate change at its source, being the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Learn more

Climate neutrality

Climate neutrality refers to a state where the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere is equal or lower than the amount of greenhouse gases removed from the atmosphere. See also: net-zero.

Learn more

Climate positive

Being climate positive refers to the process of removing and/or saving more greenhouse gas emissions than are being emitted into the atmosphere.

Learn more

Climate resilience

Climate resilience stands for the ability to withstand changes in the climate.

Learn more

Climate targets

Climate targets encompass all the targets and goals that a company and/or government sets itself, in order to promote climate mitigation.

Learn more

Compost

Compost is dead organic matter that has gone through the rotting process.

Learn more

Compost tea

Compost tea effectively increases the lifespan of soil.

Learn more

Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate Social Responsibility, or CSR for short, is the social responsibility of companies as part of promoting sustainable business.

Learn more

Cover crop

In agriculture, a cover crop or main crop is a type of crop (i.e. winter cereals), under whose protection a later developing second crop (i.e. grass species) is sown as undersow.

Learn more

Crop rotation

Crop rotation refers to the chronological sequence of the cultivated crops.

Learn more

D

Direct emissions

Direct emissions refer to all emissions which stem from an owned or controlled source by a company.

Learn more

E

ESG-Reporting

ESG reporting consists of companies or organizations publishing their impacts in environmental, social and governance areas.

Learn more

Ecosystem

An ecosystem is a complex an interconnected system, which is comprised of a community of living organisms, that live and interact with each other and their physical environment.

Learn more

Emission allowance

An emission allowance is required for every ton of CO2 emitted.

Learn more

Environmental conservation

Environmental conservation refers to the restoration, protection, preservation and sustainable management of the natural environment and its ecosystems.

Learn more

Environmental regulations

Environmental regulations are rules and actions enforced by a government in the attempt of protecting the environment through measures such as pollution control and the sustainable management of natural resources.

Learn more

Extensive management concept

Under the extenive management concept, the capital and labor input is relatively low in ocmparison to a certain area.

Learn more

F

Fertilizers

Fertilizers are natural and synthetic substances that are used in agriculture to increase plant growth.

Learn more

Flower strips

Flower strips are cultivated areas on the edges of fields.

Learn more

Forestry

Forestry is the science and the craft of managing, planting, operating, maintaining and rehabilitating forests and the associated resources for the benefit of people and the environment.

Learn more

Fossil fuels

Fossil fuels originate from the decomposition of plants and animals and can be used as a source of energy.

Learn more

Fungicides

Fungicides are chemical or biological agents that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi and spores.

Learn more

G

Grain legumes

Grain legumes refer to the legumes that can be used as fodder. Some examples are i. e.g. peas, soybeans, field beans or lupine.

Learn more

Grassland

Grassland is a cultural landscape that is used by farmers as pasture, alpine pasture or meadow.

Learn more

Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse gases refer to any gases with the characteristic to absorb the infrared radiation stemming from the Earth’s surface, thus contributing to the greenhouse effect.

Learn more

Greenhouse effect

The Greenhouse effect refers to the natural process by which gases such as carbon dioxide and methane trap the heat emitted from the Sun in the troposphere (lower atmosphere) and warm the Earth.

Learn more

H

I

Indirect emissions

Indirect emissions refer to all the emissions that are a consequence of a company’s activities but are owned or controlled by another entity.

Learn more

Integration of animals

Livestock farming that includes holistic pasture management plays a central role in regenerative agriculture.

Learn more

Intergenerational equity

This concept describes the intention to operate sustainably and responsibly so that future generations will also have an environment worth living in with sufficient resources.

Learn more

International initiatives

Worldwide, there are already numerous organisations such as Regeneration International, Kiss the Ground, Rodale Institute, Soil Capital, RegenAG, Grounded Growth, Terra Genesis International and Soil Carbon Initiative that promote regenerative agriculture.

Learn more

J

Joint Implementation

The term ‘joint implementation’ is one of the three flexibility mechanisms set out in the Kyoto Protocol, with the goal to help countries achieve their emission reduction targets.

Learn more

K

Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement that was adopted by 192 parties on the 11th of December 1997 with the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and tackling global warming.

Learn more

L

Life cycle assessment

The life cycle assessment is a systematic and standardized framework to assess the environmental impacts of a product at all stages of its lifecycle.

Learn more

M

Methane

Methane (CH4) is the main constituent of natural gas.

Learn more

Microorganisms

Microorganisms (bacteria, archaea, fungi, protists) occur naturally in the soil.

Learn more

Monoculture/ Mixed cultivation

In monocultures, the same type of plant is grown in the same area for several years.

Learn more

N

Nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas that is mainly emitted in agricultural processes (e.g., through the use of fertilisers) & livestock farming, waste management, energy use and combustion processes.

Learn more

Nutrient density

Nutrient density refers to the content of nutrients (fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals) in foods in relation to their energy content.

Learn more

Nutritional balance

Soil is a dynamic body, which needs a constant supply and extraction of nutrients.

Learn more

O

P

Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on tackling climate change, which was adopted by 196 countries on the 12th of December 2015.

Learn more

Perennial field fodder

Perennial field fodder is an important source of basic fodder production in livestock farming.

Learn more

Permanent culture

In agriculture, permanent cultures are plant stocks that are used over several years.

Learn more

Pesticides

Pesticides are crop protection products that are used to control weeds, insects and other diseases in cropland.

Learn more

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis describes the process in plants for the conversion of water and CO2 into glucose and oxygen under the influence of solar radiation.

Learn more

Q

R

REDD+

REDD+ is a framework created by the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) to provide guidance on activities in the forest sector (e.g., reducing the emissions from deforestation and forest degradation), as well as promoting the sustainable management and conservation of forests stocks in developing countries.

Learn more

Regenerate

To regenerate means to develop, renew or restore something that has been damaged or lost. In the context of sustainability for instance, regeneration can refer to the ability of an ecosystem to replenish and recover from anthropogenic damage such as pollution or deforestation.

Learn more

Regenerative agriculture

Regenerative agriculture is a system of farming practices that promote and enhance biodiversity, improve soil fertility and water cycles, sequester carbon and increase nutrient availability in the soil.

Learn more

Regenerative methods

Regenerative methods are ways of storing CO2 in the soil.

Learn more

Renewable energies

Renewable energy refers to an energy source that is not depleted when used and is naturally replenished.

Learn more

Representative Concentration Pathways

The Representative Concentration Pathways (4 scenarios in total) seek to predict how the concentrations of anthropogenic greenhouse gases will progress in the future, to subsequently gain a better understanding of how the climate itself may change in the future.

Learn more

Rotation pasture management

With rotation pasture management, a pasture is divided into small plots that are only grazed for a short amount of time with a high number of animals.

Learn more

S

SPAC (Soil Plant Atmosphere Continuum)

The so-called SPAC (eng. “Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum”) describes the path of water out of the soil, through the plant and into the atmosphere.

Learn more

Scope 1 emissions

Scope 1 emissions refer to all the direct emissions resulting from a company’s activities and/or under their control.

Learn more

Scope 2 emissions

Scope 2 emissions refer to all the indirect emissions owned by a company and resulting from their energy consumption, for instance from the electricity that is purchased and used by the company.

Learn more

Scope 3 emissions

Scope 3 emissions refer to all other un-owned indirect emissions resulting from a company’s activities such as business travel, waste and water usage.

Learn more

Seasons

An important element of regenerative agriculture is to cover the ground at any time of the year.

Learn more

Self-planted fallow greening

A self-planted fallow greening is a fallow agricultural area on which spontaneous vegetation development is permitted.

Learn more

Self-regulation

Self-regulation is the ability of ecosystems and their populations to recover from disturbances and to rebalance themselves.

Learn more

Social sustainability

Several definitions and approaches to social sustainability exist, however generally speaking, social sustainability seeks to promote the well-being of humans for current and future generations, through tackling issues related social equity, intergenerational equity, human rights, social justice, labour rights and so on.

Learn more

Soil erosion

Soil erosion is understood as the erosion of the earth's surface by wind, rain, snow and landslides, whereby valuable, fertile soil is lost and CO2 is released from it.

Learn more

Soil health

Soil health describes the condition and quality of the soil.

Learn more

Species diversity

Species diversity refers to the number of different types of living organisms present in a habitat.

Learn more

Stubble field

A stubble field is a field on which the lower parts of the plant remain rooted.

Learn more

Sustainability

Sustainability describes a system that is economically, ecologically and socially stable and viable for the future.

Learn more

T

Targeted fallow greening

The term fallow refers to a temporary, unused agricultural area. If this area is targeted and planted with i. e. wild herbs and other suitable plants it then can be referred to as targeted fallow greening.

Learn more

Tillage

Tillage refers to the mechanical interventions in the soil.

Learn more

Tipping points

Within climate science, tipping points refer to the critical threshold where the smallest change could generate significant and irreversible change or damage in the whole climate system.

Learn more

Tree Planting

Tree Planting is a mechanism to offset carbon emissions, by which trees absorb carbon dioxide during the process of photosynthesis, therefore reducing the emissions in the atmosphere.

Learn more

U

Undersown crops

Clover-like forage plants and grasses are often referred to as undersown crops.

Learn more

V

Voluntary Carbon Market

If certain emission-intensive activities cannot be reduced, voluntary offsetting of greenhouse gases offers the possibility to compensate for those unavoidable emissions by purchasing certificates.

Learn more

W

X

Y

Z